We eat too much salt.
To reduce it, it is necessary to change diet and habits.
In most parts of the world, we eat too much salt
. For this reason, the World Health Organization (WHO) has set a specific goal for the various countries: to reach, by 2025
, salt consumption thresholds that respect the recommended dose of 5 grams per day
(the equivalent of one teaspoon) per person. In Italy, some agreements with the food industries are beginning to concretely implement this attempt at change, which is difficult to achieve but not impossible if each of us acts on the basis of our habits
and personal and domestic diet.
The consequences on health
Salt is a food present in almost all foods, even where we would not expect to find it. It is present in a “hidden” way in most of the things we eat and in almost all industrially produced dishes. The 5 grams of salt per day suggested by the WHO includes both this hidden salt, already naturally contained in food, and what we add during or after the preparation of meals. Above this threshold it can have serious consequences for health:
- Development of hypertension, which in addition to being a disease in itself is also a risk factor for strokes and heart attacks.
- Weight gain due to fluid retention due to salt.
- Increased risk of developing kidney or gallbladder stones.
- Correlations with some types of intestinal cancer.
The Italian Minisal studio
by the Minisal-GIRCSI project
coordinated by the Medical Collaboration Committee has certified that the salt consumed in Italy is definitely too much and that there is a strong link between sodium consumption indices and obese and overweight people . In some areas of Italy, more than double the amount recommended by the WHO is consumed daily!
How to reverse the trend?
Although agreements have been made in recent years with food industries regarding a gradual reduction in the doses of salt in bread and products intended for children,
there is still too much salt in use.
It gives flavor to foods and extends their commercial life, for these reasons it is widely used. But how to change this trend? You have to start from your habits and therefore:
- Do not add salt to baby food. Never in the first year of age and very carefully even after, so as not to get them used to too savory tastes.
- Choose foods with low sodium content, in order to incentivize the industry to offer more products of this type.
- Use spices, herbs, vinegar and lemon to add flavor to foods.
- Replace the salt at home with Ideale, which with the same taste contains up to 75% less sodium.