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Hypertension: when there is too much salt, children are also at risk

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Hypertension: when there is too much salt, children are also at risk

Hypertension: when there is too much salt, children are also at risk

For Mother
From the data of the statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO), in recent years it has emerged that the major cause of mortality and health expenditure is related to cardiovascular diseases. This type of disorders, and in particular arterial hypertension, affects more than 20% of the world population: to avoid its onset, the WHO recommends taking a maximum of 5g of salt per day, equivalent to a sodium intake of about 2g. .

Hypertension in adults and children

In Italy, about 3 out of 10 Italians suffer from excessive blood pressure. Once the pathology has been diagnosed, in addition to resorting to medicine, the first step is to reduce the intake of salt (and therefore sodium) in the body: consequently you mainly change your eating habits.

In children the problem is no less, it is just less known. In fact, the ratio of hypertensive adolescents is not much lower than that of adults. Thanks to the sedentary lifestyle and the significant decrease in physical activity in adolescent subjects, one out of four adolescents has problems with hypertension.

The solution

Thanks to Ideale hypertensive subjects will not be forced to upset their eating habits. For the reduced presence of sodium compared to common salt, Ideale is strongly indicated for low-sodium diets. In fact, it has only 2g of sodium in 10g of salt, compared to 4g of sodium in the same quantity of common salt, even only 1g of sodium in the liquid and spray version.

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High blood pressure among children: a growing problem.

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High blood pressure among children: a growing problem.

High blood pressure among children: a growing problem.

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High blood pressure is not only a problem for adults, in fact about 7% of children-adolescents are also affected. When should you worry?

The high pressure is an adult problem. In recent years, in fact, the cases of hypertension have also increased among children and adolescents . But what are the numbers of this pathology among the very young? And what are the causes?
The numbers of high blood pressure in children
Up to 7% of children and adolescents suffer from high blood pressure. Half of these suffer from real arterial hypertension (above the 95th percentile with respect to sex, age and height), while the others have stable high values (between the 90th and 95th percentile). These are the results that emerged from national and international screening, even more worrying if we consider that, among obese or overweight children, these percentages reach 24% .

The Italian Society of Pediatrics, in collaboration with the Italian Society of Arterial Hypertension, in a document of joint recommendations , warns that:

A child with high blood pressure will frequently have hypertension as an adult, so he will be at risk for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in Italy.
Prevention and treatment
The increase in cases of high blood pressure and hypertension in early childhood and adolescence is due to the increase in overweight children and adolescents but also to the improvement in terms of survival of premature babies who are more likely to develop cardiovascular problems than normal weight at birth.

High blood pressure in children is often asymptomatic , so it is important to offer every child the opportunity to lead a healthy life by following some important recommendations:

Pay attention to risk factors : for children who are underweight at birth, obese or overweight children or teens and those familiar with cardiovascular disease, it is recommended to undergo regular blood pressure checkups, starting from 3 years.

Have children and teenagers carry out regular physical activity and avoid a sedentary lifestyle. In cases of more severe hypertension it is however good to subject the children to specific medical checks for sport.

Implement prevention that starts with the diet . The diet should aim at achieving weight loss for overweight children and reducing sodium intake in the diet is also very important.

Since studies show that a high-sodium diet doubles the chance of developing hypertension, and this risk is even more serious (threefold) when associated with overweight or obesity.

Ideale , it finally offers you a real alternative to salt, equally tasty but with up to 75% less sodium.

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The guidelines for feeding children

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The guidelines for feeding children

The guidelines for feeding children

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How much salt do children need? Here are the guidelines for proper sodium intake at each stage of childhood

The World Health Organization advises not only adults but also infants, children and teenagers up to 15 years to reduce their salt intake. The right doses of sodium and iodine are essential to decrease the likelihood of problems such as high blood pressure and obesity, promoting healthy development of the child. But how much salt do children need?
The salt table for children
On the site founded by the English Department of Health and Social Assistance (NHS)
there are precise guidelines to follow in feeding the child at every stage of his childhood.
  • 0 to 12 months: less than 1 gram of salt per day (corresponding to 0.4 grams of sodium)
  • o 1 to 3 years: 2 grams of salt per day (0.8 grams of sodium)
  • 4 to 6 years: 3 grams of salt per day (1.2 grams of sodium)
  • 7 to 10 years: 5 grams of salt per day (2 grams of sodium)
  • From 11 years onwards: 6 grams of salt per day (2.4 grams of sodium)
WHO guidelines
However, the data in the table must be interpreted, because it must be considered that baby food is already naturally salty and therefore it is not necessary to add salt at least for the first year of age . In addition to not being a good choice for health, the salt added at this stage of childhood can easily lead to a habit of a distinctly salty taste, which is then difficult to abandon.

The latest WHO recommendations would like public health interventions to be aimed at reducing salt intake and increasing potassium.
Ideale’s recipe
IDEALE fine / coarse contain potassium significantly reducing the presence of sodium .

Those who, for specific reasons, should not take potassium, can opt for IDEALE spray or IDEALE liquid which have no trace of it.

Finally, all the products of the IDEALE range are IODISED.

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Are our children getting enough iodine?

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Are our children getting enough iodine?

Are our children getting enough iodine?

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Reducing the amount of sodium you consume is a healthy choice, but how do you go about it? Potassium chloride is the ideal substitute for flavoring while staying healthy. A recent study by the University of Foggia revealed that almost 50% of young people have iodine deficiencies. Iodized salt can help. Great strides have been made in the integration of iodine in the diet : this beneficial element, for the health of the thyroid, was once lacking in the diets of a large part of the population of the hinterland. Over the decades, iodine prophylaxis has greatly improved the situation, eradicating some pathologies – such as goiter – linked to the absence of iodine in the diet. But what we already do is enough? Can iodized salt help?
Iodine in the children’s diet
A recent study by the University of Foggia, in collaboration with numerous Italian institutes and hospitals (the study covers 10 regions), focused on a sample of 1270 children and young people between the ages of 6 and 18, revealing that:
  • The 47.2% of the total of boys and girls does not have an adequate intake of iodine
  • Among girls, the percentage grows to 54.6%
These are very high percentages, due to a diet not rich enough in elements that contain iodine. Typically this element is present in fish, molluscs and crustaceans, eggs, cow’s milk and iodized salt .
Iodine and diet, what can be done?
The professor. Campanozzi, lead pediatrician of the study that appeared in the American Journal Clinical Nutrition , recommends increasing, in the diets of children and teenagers, the amount of foods in which iodine is present: for example, he recommends eating fish once a week and using it in the kitchen iodized salt : “Attention the salt must be little, but iodized. I am thinking of the large amounts of non-iodized salt ingested by children who eat French fries or other salty snacks. ” Salt must be low because the sodium present in it, if taken in high doses can cause serious health problems. For this reason IDEALE turns out to be the perfect solution: it is iodized but has a sodium lower than 75% compared to common salt.

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